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Introduction to Tajweed December 9, 2006

Posted by Muhajirah in Islam, Qur'an, Tajweed.
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As Salaamu ‘Alaikum

Insha’Allah you are all in the best of health and imaan.

I wrote the following ages ago, but didn’t have the chance to complete it. I still having finished writing it up, but I thought I might aswell post it. It’s only half a post, but insha’Allah the rest will be posted soon…

 

Today, alhamdulillah I attended a tajweed class, which although short, was mashaAllah brilliant. I have been looking out for something like this for ages.

So over the weeks I shall be typing up the notes that I make and will insha’Allah post them up. It really is so amazing. I learnt so much that I didn’t know before. I pray that it will be as beneficial for you as it was for me.

Before I start with this weeks notes, I ask you to make dua for the sister who is holding these classes. May Allah grant al Firdaus for her efforts.

Also, a few points to mention is that firstly these will be my own notes that I have taken which may or may not be detailed (I may add extra points of my own that I feel are important). As well as this, the sister is no scholar so with regards to any differences of opinion she has gone by [what she says is] the majority opinion of the scholars. And lastly, please forgive me for any mistakes that I make.

To proceed

The Importance of Tajweed

Muhammad bin Al-Jazaree the great Qur’an and Hadeeth scholar of the 9th Century (Hijri) says in his famous poem[1] detailing the rules of Tajweed:

“And applying Tajweed is an issue of absolute necessity,
Whoever doesn’t apply Tajweed to the Qur’an, then a sinner is he.”

So he regarded it as an obligation and he regarded leaving it as a sin. And the majority of scholars agree that applying the Tajweed rules of Qur’an are an individual obligation (Fard ‘Ayn) upon every Muslim who has memorised part of or all of the Qur’an. That is because the Qur’an was revealed with the Tajweed rules applied to it and the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) recited it back to Jibreel in that way and the Companions of the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) read it in that way, so it is an established Sunnah.

And of the proofs that the scholars bring to show the obligation of Tajweed is that Allah says in the Qur’an, the meaning of which is:

‘And recite the Qur’an (aloud) in a (slow and melodious) style (tarteela)’
(Surah Muzzammil, aayah 4)

Ali ibn Abi Talib (radi Allahu ‘anhu) said in the explanation of this aayah: “at-Tarteel is Tajweed of the letters and knowing where to stop (correctly)”.[2]

And of the proofs also is that Allah says in the Qur’an, the meaning of which is:

‘Those who We have given the Book to, give it its right in recitation ( recite it as it should be recited)

(Surah al-Baqarah, aayah 121)

And of the rights of reciting correctly is reciting it the way it was revealed.

There are various ahadeeth also showing us the importance of Tajweed. Umm Salamah was asked about the recitation of the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) and she described it as a recitation ‘clearly-distinguished letter by letter’. [3]

—————————

[1] Ibn Al-Jazaree’s book: ‘Al-Muqaddimah feemaa ‘ala qaari’ihi an yu’allimahu’

[2] An-Nashr of Ibn Al-Jazaree 209:1

[3] Tirmidhi

Taken from The Importance of Tajweed, By Fatima Barkatulla

 

Adab of Reading the Qur’an

Make wudhu in the correct manner, washing all required parts properly

Use siwaak

Purity of clothes – clothes must be free from all impurities, smell and dirt

Face qibla

Purity of mind – you need to ponder over the verses you are reading

Surrender your heart to reciting the Qur’an

Weep, and if you cannot weep then make yourself weep, for this is a good habit to develop. Eventually weeping will come naturally. This is to soften the heart and increase Imaan

Try constantly to improve your voice and style of reciting

As well as the above mentioned etiquettes of reciting, the general etiquettes must also be observed, such as sitting in a dignified manner, no laughing etc.

[Next post will be about Isti’adha]

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1. The Insanity of the Sane - January 31, 2007

Tajweed 2: Isti’adha

Meaning: To seek refuge with Allah from the shaytaan
When you read the Qur’an you must begin with isti’adha, as it is a command in the Qur’an:
When Thou dost read the Qur’an, seek Allah’s protection from Satan the rejected one. [Surah Nah…


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