Tajweed 2: Isti’adha January 28, 2007Posted by Muhajirah in Qur'an, Tajweed, Uni.
Meaning: To seek refuge with Allah from the shaytaan
When you read the Qur’an you must begin with isti’adha, as it is a command in the Qur’an:
When Thou dost read the Qur’an, seek Allah’s protection from Satan the rejected one. [Surah Nahl 16:98]
Ibn Kathir comments on this ayah in his tafsir:
This is a command from Allah to His servants upon the tongue of His Prophet, telling them that when they want to read Qur’an, they should seek refuge with Allah from the cursed Shaytan. The Hadiths mentioned about seeking refuge with Allah (Isti`adhah), were quoted in our discussion at the beginning of this Tafsir, praise be to Allah. The reason for seeking refuge with Allah before reading is that the reader should not get confused or mixed up, and that the Shaytan would not confuse him or stop him from thinking about and pondering over the meaning of what he reads. Hence the majority of scholars said that refuge should be sought with Allah before starting to read.
﴿إِنَّهُ لَيْسَ لَهُ سُلْطَانٌ عَلَى الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَعَلَى رَبِّهِمْ يَتَوَكَّلُونَ ﴾
(Verily, he has no power over those who believe and put their trust only in their Lord.)
Ath-Thawri said: “He has no power to make them commit a sin they will not repent from.” Others said: it means that he has no argument for them. Others said it is like the Ayah:
﴿إِلاَّ عِبَادَكَ مِنْهُمُ الْمُخْلَصِينَ ﴾
(Except Your chosen servants amongst them.)[﴿15:40]
﴿إِنَّمَا سُلْطَـنُهُ عَلَى الَّذِينَ يَتَوَلَّوْنَهُ﴾
(His power is only over those who obey and follow him (Shaytan))
Mujahid said: “Those who obey him.” Others said, “Those who take him as their protector instead of Allah.”
﴿وَالَّذِينَ هُم بِهِ مُشْرِكُونَ﴾
(and those who join partners with Him.)
means, those who associate others in worship with Allah.
﴿وَإِذَا بَدَّلْنَآ ءَايَةً مَّكَانَ ءَايَةٍ وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا يُنَزِّلُ قَالُواْ إِنَّمَآ أَنتَ مُفْتَرٍ بَلْ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لاَ يَعْلَمُونَ – قُلْ نَزَّلَهُ رُوحُ الْقُدُسِ مِن رَّبِّكَ بِالْحَقِّ لِيُثَبِّتَ الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَهُدًى وَبُشْرَى لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ ﴾
(101. And when We change a verse in place of another – and Allah knows best what He reveals – they (the disbelievers) say: “You (O Muhammad) are but a forger.” Rather, most of them know not.) (102. Say (O Muhammad); “Ruh-ul-Qudus has brought it (the Qur’an) down from your Lord with truth.” for the conviction of those who believe, and as a guide and good news for the Muslims.)
Rulings on Isti’adha
The most common way of seeking refuge with Allah is to say:
أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم
I seek refuge with Allah, from the accursed shaytaan
Should isti’adha be said out loud or silently?
Majority opinion is that you should follow your normal style of recitation, i.e. if you read Qur’an out loud then say isti’adha out loud and vice-versa.
Isti’adha must be said before you begin to read the Qur’an and if you stop or take a break then you must repeat isti’adha before you continue reading.
There is no need to say Isti’adha when you move onto the next surah.
More information regarding Isti’adha here