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When will we ever relax? February 27, 2007

Posted by Muhajirah in General, Heart Softners, Hereafter, Imaan, Islam.
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In this life of poverty, hardship and trials, Abdullah asked his father [Imam Ahmad] one day, “Abi when will we ever relax?”

His father, one of the greatest revivers of the Sunnah, a role model for all Muslims, looked him in the eye and said, “With the first step we take into Jannah.”

I came across this quote a while back and it blew me away, and each time I read it, it has the same affect on me.

Don’t expect anything from this dunya. Don’t expect comfort or ease or luxury. Don’t expect an easy life, with no tests or trials. This dunya is nothing, so how can we become so attached to it, longing for its false splendour, forgetting that which is everlasting? How can we be satisfied when Allah has promised us Jannah? Great lush gardens and lofty palaces…

Fight falsehood with truth and greet hardships with patience. It’s only once you enter Jannah that you have achieved and gained success. So until then, don’t even think of relaxing…

Memory Suggestions and Solutions February 25, 2007

Posted by Muhajirah in Hifz, Qur'an.
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Being forgetful is an innate process, with the most distinguished loss occurring within the first 24 hours of learning. After one day a you will forget 46% of what you read, 79% after fourteen days, and 81% after twenty-eight days.

We remember when we decide to remember and when we have a reason or motivation to do so. Some helpful tips for remembering things are:

  1. Get rid of distractions while reading or studying.
  2. Develop a strong motivation and think of a reason why you want to learn something.
  3. Determine whether you will emphasize concepts, memory devices, visualization, or reciting.
  4. Associate new material to facts and concepts you already understand.
  5. To learn terminology, think about familiar parts of the words.

Half of the brain thinks in words and the other half in pictures.

  1. Consider pictures, diagrams, and charts in your text and develop your own.
  2. Picture information.

The most important tool is paying attention – think of it as a flashlight that concentrates on what you want to remember. The largest problem in general that people have with their memory is not paying attention. Attention is the gateway to your memory. Without it, a memory doesn’t get into your head, and what doesn’t get in can’t be saved. Without adequate attention, you may remember something for a moment, but then it evaporates.

The second obstacle is multitasking. When you’re multitasking, you may feel like you’re paying attention to many items at the same time, but you’re really not. If you have a set of things you really need to do and remember, do them one at a time.

Organization is extremely powerful. It’s how professional mnemonists can remember so much. The mnemonist who remembers the name of everyone who walks into a room all but certainly uses an organization system, one that he has probably taken years to learn. Ordinary people can get by with more practical organizations, and ones best suited to actually understanding what we’re learning, rather than just rote memorization.

Tajweed 3: Basmala February 24, 2007

Posted by Muhajirah in General, Islam, Qur'an, Tajweed.
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Ibn Kathir on the basmala

The Companions started the Book of Allah with Bismillah:

﴿بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ ﴾

(1. In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.)

The scholars also agree that Bismillah is a part of an Ayah in Surat An-Naml (chapter 27). They disagree over whether it is a separate Ayah before every Surah, or if it is an Ayah, or a part of an Ayah, included in every Surah where the Bismillah appears in its beginning. Ad-Daraqutni also recorded a Hadith from Abu Hurayrah from the Prophet that supports this Hadith by Ibn Khuzaymah. Also, similar statements were attributed to `Ali, Ibn `Abbas and others.

The opinion that Bismillah is an Ayah of every Surah, except Al-Bara’ah (chapter 9), was attributed to (the Companions) Ibn `Abbas, Ibn `Umar, Ibn Az-Zubayr, Abu Hurayrah and `Ali. This opinion was also attributed to the Tabi`in: `Ata’, Tawus, Sa`id bin Jubayr, Makhul and Az-Zuhri. This is also the view of `Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak, Ash-Shafi`i, Ahmad bin Hanbal, (in one report from him) Ishaq bin Rahwayh and Abu `Ubayd Al-Qasim bin Salam. On the other hand, Malik, Abu Hanifah and their followers said that Bismillah is not an Ayah in Al-Fatihah or any other Surah. Dawud said that it is a separate Ayah in the beginning of every Surah, not part of the Surah itself, and this opinion was also attributed to Ahmad bin Hanbal.

As for Basmalah aloud during the prayer, those who did not agree that it is a part of Al-Fatihah, state that the Basmalah should not be aloud. The scholars who stated that Bismillah is a part of every Surah (except chapter 9) had different opinions; some of them, such as Ash-Shafi`i, said that one should recite Bismillah with Al-Fatihah aloud. This is also the opinion of many among the Companions, the Tabi`in and the Imams of Muslims from the Salaf and the later generations. For instance, this is the opinion of Abu Hurayrah, Ibn `Umar, Ibn `Abbas, Mu`awiyah, `Umar and `Ali – according to Ibn `Abdul-Barr and Al-Bayhaqi. Also, the Four Khalifahs – as Al-Khatib reported – were said to have held this view although the report from them is contradicted. The Tabi`in scholars who gave this Tafsir include Sa`id bin Jubayr, `Ikrimah, Abu Qilabah, Az-Zuhri, `Ali bin Al-Hasan, his son Muhammad, Sa`id bin Al-Musayyib, `Ata’, Tawus, Mujahid, Salim, Muhammad bin Ka`b Al-Qurazi, Abu Bakr bin Muhammad bin `Amr bin Hazm, Abu Wa’il, Ibn Sirin, Muhammad bin Al-Munkadir, `Ali bin `Abdullah bin `Abbas, his son Muhammad, Nafi` the freed slave of Ibn `Umar, Zayd bin Aslam, `Umar bin `Abdul-Aziz, Al-Azraq bin Qays, Habib bin Abi Thabit, Abu Ash-Sha`tha’, Makhul and `Abdullah bin Ma`qil bin Muqarrin. Also, Al-Bayhaqi added `Abdullah bin Safwan, and Muhammad bin Al-Hanafiyyah to this list. In addition, Ibn `Abdul-Barr added `Amr bin Dinar.

The proof that these scholars relied on is that, since Bismillah is a part of Al-Fatihah, it should be recited aloud like the rest of Al-Fatihah. Also, An-Nasa’i recorded in his Sunan, Ibn Hibban and Ibn Khuzaymah in their Sahihs and Al-Hakim in the Mustadrak, that Abu Hurayrah once performed the prayer and recited Bismillah aloud. After he finished the prayer, he said, “Among you, I perform the prayer that is the closest to the prayer of the Messenger of Allah.” Ad-Daraqutni, Al-Khatib and Al-Bayhaqi graded this Hadith Sahih Furthermore, in Sahih Al-Bukhari it is recorded that Anas bin Malik was asked about the recitation of the Prophet. He said, “His recitation was unhurried.” He then demonstrated that and recited, while lengthening the recitation of Bismillah Ar-Rahman Ar-Rahim, Also, in the Musnad of Imam Ahmad, the Sunan of Abu Dawud, the Sahih of Ibn Hibban and the Mustadrak of Al-Hakim – it is recorded that Umm Salamah said, “The Messenger of Allah used to distinguish each Ayah during his recitation,

 

﴿بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ – الْحَمْدُ للَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَـلَمِينَ – الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ – مَـلِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ ﴾

(In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. All praise and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of all that exists, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. The Owner of the Day of Recompense.)”

 

Ad-Daraqutni graded the chain of narration for this Hadith Sahih Furthermore, Imam Abu `Abdullah Ash-Shafi`i and Al-Hakim in his Mustadrak, recorded that Mu`awiyah led the prayer in Al-Madinah and did not recite the Bismillah. The Muhajirin who were present at that prayer criticized that. When Mu`awiyah led the following prayer, he recited the Bismillah aloud.

The Hadiths mentioned above provide sufficient proof for the opinion that the Bismillah is recited aloud. As for the opposing evidences and the scientific analysis of the narrations mentioned their weaknesses or otherwise it is not our desire to discuss this subject at this time.

Other scholars stated that the Bismillah should not be recited aloud in the prayer, and this is the established practice of the Four Khalifahs, as well as `Abdullah bin Mughaffal and several scholars among the Tabi`in and later generations. It is also the Madhhab (view) of Abu Hanifah, Ath-Thawri and Ahmad bin Hanbal.

Imam Malik stated that the Bismillah is not recited aloud or silently. This group based their view upon what Imam Muslim recorded that `A’ishah said that the Messenger of Allah used to start the prayer by reciting the Takbir (Allahu Akbar; Allah is Greater) and then recite,

 

﴿الْحَمْدُ للَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَـلَمِينَ ﴾

(All praise and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of all that exists.) (Ibn Abi Hatim 1:12).

Also, the Two Sahihs recorded that Anas bin Malik said, “I prayed behind the Prophet, Abu Bakr, `Umar and `Uthman and they used to start their prayer with,

 

﴿الْحَمْدُ للَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَـلَمِينَ ﴾

(All praise and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of all that exists.)

Muslim added, “And they did not mention,

 

﴿بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ ﴾

(In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful)

whether in the beginning or the end of the recitation.” Similar is recorded in the Sunan books from `Abdullah bin Mughaffal, may Allah be pleased with him.

These are the opinions held by the respected Imams, and their statements are similar in that they agree that the prayer of those who recite Al-Fatihah aloud or in secret is correct. All the favor is from Allah.

 

 

What is basmala?

Basmala is to begin in the name of Allah:


بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ

In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.

There are four different ways of saying basmala when reciting Qur’an:

 

  1. Say isti’adha, pause, then basmala, pause and then being recitation
  2. Say isti’adha and basmala, pause and them begin recitation
  3. Say isti’adha, pause then basmala and begin recitation.
  4. Say isti’adha and basmala and then begin recitation with no pauses

 

Do you say basmala in the middle of a surah?

If you pause in the middle of the surah and then continue reading, there is no need to say basmala (however you must repeat isti’adha)

 

Saying basmala as you move on to a new surah

There are three ways of saying basmala as you move on to a new surah:

 

1. Finish surah, say basmala then pause then continue recitation

2. Pause when you reach the end of the surah and then say basmala and continue reciting next surah

3. Continue reciting with no pauses

 

How do you begin Surah Tawbah?

There are two ways to begin Surah Tawbah:

 

1. Say Isti’adha, pause and then begin recitation

2. Say Isti’adha and begin recitation with no pauses.

 

Ya akhawaat… February 22, 2007

Posted by Muhajirah in General, Islam, Random Musings.
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…uhibbukum fillaah

=)

Progress Report – Arabic February 18, 2007

Posted by Muhajirah in Arabic, General, Random Musings.
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As Salaamu ‘Alaikum

Insha’Allah you are in the best of health and Imaan

 

It has been almost a year since I stopped taking Arabic classes. Since then I have been determined to keep up my Arabic, but unfortunately my determination doesn’t mean I have always had the discipline to actually sit down and learn on my own.

The year started well. Me and a couple of sisters planned to meet up once a week and carry on working through the book that we had studied in the previous year (al Kitab fi Ta’alamu al ‘Arabiyah). But then uni work started piling up and so that didn’t happen for long.

After that, I totally left Arabic for a long period of time (a good couple of months). I made no attempt at all to keep up with it. Did I give up? I don’t know, I think it was a lack of motivation + laziness + being occupied with other things.

Since then, even tho I have more work than ever, I have re-started my attempt to teach myself Arabic. I bought myself Qisas an Nabiyeen, which at first sat on my bookshelf for ages, but then recently I got myself a Hans Wehr (woOt – it is the most amazing book ever lol) So right now that’s what I am going through. Alhamdulillah I know the basics in Arabic so it’s not too hard. It’s just my vocab is very lacking which is where my problem lies! Oh and it takes me absolutely ages to find words in the dictionary. But again alhamdullilah I don’t care that its takes me so long, because I find it enjoyable!

As well as that, me and some sisters, have again planned to do some Arabic. I hope that this time we stick to it!

I have also started going through the Medina Arabic website, which is very useful. So far most of the stuff I am doing on there, I know, but the important thing is that I am learning new vocabulary. I am considering buying the Medina books, but im going to see how I get on first. There’s no point going mad and buying tons of books, for me then to just leave them to gather dust. Insha’Allah I shall by the will and mercy of Allah get better. I just have to stick to it

Make dua for me. Jazaakum Allah khaire

Reflections… February 15, 2007

Posted by Muhajirah in General, Heart Softners, Islam, Qur'an.
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As Salaamu ‘Alaikum 

Insha’Allah you are in the best of health and Imaan

 

Had We sent down this Qur’an on a mountain, verily, thou wouldst have seen it humble itself and cleave asunder for fear of Allah. Such are the similitudes which We propound to men, that they may reflect

Surah al Hashr, Ayah 21

 

This is the case with a mountain which is hard and huge, that if it was made able to comprehend and understand this Qur’an, will feel humble and crumble from fear of Allah the Exalted, then what about you — O mankind Why do your hearts not feel softness and humbleness from the fear of Allah, even though you understand Allah’s command and comprehend His Book

Taken from Tafsir Ibn Kathir

Surah Ikhlas in 10 different styles – Mishary Rashid al ‘Afasy February 13, 2007

Posted by Muhajirah in Audio and Media, Islam, Qur'an, Tajweed.
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As Salaamu ‘Alaikum,

Masha’Allah this is nice…

The Way to Victory February 10, 2007

Posted by Muhajirah in History, Imaan, Islam, Sahabah.
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Written by ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab

Taken from: Al-Bidayyah wan-Nihayyah of Imaam ibn Kathir

 

‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (radee Allaahu ‘anhu) sent an army under Sa’d bin Abi Waqqas (radee Allaahu ‘anhu) for the conquest of Persia.

‘Umar (radee Allaahu ‘anhu) wrote him a convention as follows:

“I command you and your army to fear Allaah at all times because piety is the best weapon against the enemy and the best strategy in the battle.

And I command you and your soldiers to fear disobedience to Allaah more than you fear the enemy. If an army fears sins more than the enemy, Allaah brings them victory. Muslim victory is the outcome of the disbelievers’ disobedience of Allaah. There is no power except with Allaah for they always outnumber us and have better weapons and tools. If we become equal in disobedience, they will conquer us due to more power; and unless we defeat them by righteousness, we cannot defeat them by power.

You must learn that you have some angels with you to protect you and your deeds. So be careful and do not commit any sins while you are fighting in the way of Allaah. And never say our enemy is worse than us and that they cannot win even if we commit sins. Many nations have suffered at the hands of others who were less faithful as the magian who won over the Children of Isra’eel when they committed sins.

You have to ask Allaah victory over your own selves in the same way you ask victory over the enemy. Ask it from Allaah for us and you.”